Bus Crash Causation Study (BCCS)
The Bus Crash Causation Study (BCCS) collected crash data on 39 crashes involving 40 buses in 2005 and 2006 in northeastern New Jersey. The area is part of the New York City metropolitan area and home to large fleets of various types of buses. Each crash involved at least one fatality or one incapacitating or non-incapacitating injury. Data was gathered by a trained crash researcher and State truck and bus inspectors at the crash scene through interviews with all people involved in the crash and a North American Standard bus and bus driver inspection. The researcher also examined police crash reports conducted interviews with bus company officials. The BCCS found that a large percentage of the crashes were due to driver error, both on the part of the bus drivers and the drivers of the vehicles with which the buses collided. BCCS is the largest in-depth comprehensive examination of bus crashes ever conducted. Generally, the study did not include crashes involving New Jersey transit buses or school buses transporting children from home to school because most of FMCSA’s safety regulations do not apply to these vehicle types. The only exception was to include transit and school buses if the crash involved at least one fatality. The most frequent bus accidents involved motor coaches (inter-city buses). Charter and regular route (inter-city) buses were also highly represented. The study analyzed the accidents for crash characteristics, frequency.